Perforation of intestine


The perforation of the intestine is a serious medical condition that occurs when there is a hole or tear in the intestinal wall. This can lead to the contents of the intestine, including bacteria and waste, leaking into the abdominal cavity, causing inflammation and infection. Perforation of the intestine is a medical emergency and requires immediate treatment to prevent serious complications.


The symptoms of perforation of the intestine can vary depending on the location and size of the perforation. However, some common symptoms include severe abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, fever, chills, and a rapid heartbeat. The patient may also experience diarrhea or constipation, and there may be blood in the stool. In severe cases, the patient may go into shock, and there may be signs of peritonitis, which is inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity.


Perforation of the intestine can occur due to a variety of causes. Some common causes include trauma to the abdomen, such as a blunt force injury or a penetrating injury, such as a stab wound. In addition, conditions such as diverticulitis, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn’s disease can increase the risk of perforation. Other causes include cancer, infections, and complications from medical procedures.


The treatment of perforation of the intestine depends on the severity of the perforation and the underlying cause. In many cases, surgery is required to repair the perforation and remove any infected tissue. Antibiotics may also be given to help treat any infection. If the patient is in shock, they may require supportive measures such as fluids and medications to increase blood pressure. In some cases, a temporary colostomy or ileostomy may be required to allow the intestines to heal properly.