Renal stones


Renal stones, also known as kidney stones, are small, hard deposits that form in the kidneys and can cause severe pain and discomfort. In this blog, we will discuss the symptoms, causes, and treatment of renal stones to help you understand the condition better.


The symptoms of renal stones may vary depending on the size and location of the stones. However, some common signs and symptoms of renal stones include:

  1. Severe pain in the side or back, which may spread to the lower abdomen and groin
  2. Nausea and vomiting
  3. Blood in the urine
  4. Difficulty urinating or a frequent urge to urinate
  5. Painful urination
  6. Fever and chills, which indicate an infection
  7. In some cases, there may be no symptoms, and the stones may pass on their own.


Renal stones can occur due to various reasons, including:

  1. Dehydration: Not drinking enough water can lead to concentrated urine, which can increase the risk of developing renal stones.
  2. High intake of certain foods: Consuming high levels of oxalate-rich foods, such as spinach, chocolate, and nuts, can increase the risk of developing renal stones.
  3. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as gout and inflammatory bowel disease, can increase the risk of developing renal stones.
  4. Family history of renal stones
  5. Obesity and rapid weight loss
  6. Certain medications, such as diuretics and antacids.


The treatment of renal stones depends on the size and location of the stones, as well as the severity of the symptoms. The following are some common treatment options for renal stones:

  1. Watchful waiting: If the stones are small and not causing any symptoms, the doctor may recommend watchful waiting and monitor the condition.
  2. Pain management: The doctor may prescribe pain medication to help manage the symptoms.
  3. Fluids: Drinking plenty of water and other fluids can help flush out the stones and prevent their formation.
  4. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL): This procedure uses shock waves to break the stones into small pieces, making them easier to pass.
  5. Ureteroscopy: This procedure involves using a small camera to locate the stones and remove them through the urethra.
  6. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL): In some cases, the doctor may recommend this surgical procedure, which involves making a small incision in the back to remove the stones.
  7.  Open nephrolithotomy if the stone is of big size